Americas

50 years ago Argentina was considered by many the Europe of Latin America, given its abundant natural resources and its large and highly educated middle class. Like many Latin American countries, the 20th century was a roller coaster ride for Argentina, cycling back and forth between leftist movements and right-wing military dictatorships; economic boom and economic stagnation; times of calm and times of heavy conflict and insecurity.
Bolivia has been undergoing serious changes in recent years, beginning first and foremost in 2005 with the election of Evo Morales, the country’s first indigenous president, and continued by his landslide re-election in 2009. Morales is supported by millions of Bolivians, especially from the working class and previously marginalized indigenous groups of the highlands.
Brazil remains an enigma.  Since Lula's promising election in 2002 and re-election in 2006, the second largest economy in the Western Hemisphere has been seen as a center of hope and potential for participatory democracy and regional integration. The 21st century has seen Brazil explode onto the world stage, with a staggering rate of economic growth and the hosting of the upcoming 2014 World Cup and 2016 Olympics.
Chile is one of the most interesting and beautiful countries in all of Latin America. Its people are kind and politically-active, the current events taking place are fascinating, and with Argentina it shares both the spectacle of Patagonia and a roller coaster 20th century history. 
With its extensive network of national parks, stunning scenery, and diverse wildlife, Costa Rica is on the forefront of the international conservation movement and has become synonymous with "ecotourism": socially responsible travel that strives to conserve the environment while improving the welfare of the local people. On this tour, you'll experience first-hand both the successes and the failures of ecotourism development.
Since 1989, Global Exchange has played a leading role in the national campaign to normalize relations with Cuba, our Caribbean neighbor. Our primary goals are: 
Named for its location on the equator, Ecuador is one of South America's most diverse nations. Culturally, Ecuador is home to close to 50 different indigenous groups, which comprise approximately 40% of the population. Ecologically, there are four distinct ecosystems within the borders of this small nation, including Amazonian rainforest (known as the Oriente), the Andean mountains (known as la Sierra), a long Pacific coastline and the Galapagos Islands.
After democratically-elected Jacobo Arbenz was overthrown in a military coup sponsored by the United States of America, Guatemala suffered over 30 years of civil war that lead to an estimated 200,000 civilian deaths. By 1954, Guatemala's was already the second successful regime-change lead by the CIA, instigated by the threat of expropriation of land by local government. A U.S.
Although the people of Haiti twice elected President Jean-Bertrand Aristide by an overwhelming majority, the United States, with the complicity of France and Canada, forcibly removed him from office on February 29th, 2004, bringing Haiti's 10 year experience with democracy to a brutal end. 
Honduras is one of the most underdeveloped countries in Central America. Its government is undertaking the privatization of everything from water to the education system, and it is home to a system prone to human rights violations, where sweatshops abound and gang warfare prompts extensive police violence. In order to deal with these problems, the Honduran people have formed numerous indigenous, campesino, civil rights, and environmental grassroots movements. 
Though smaller than the smallest U.S. state, Jamaica has had a greater impact on world culture than most nations hundreds of times its size. The revolutionary language of much of its popular music, and the international phenomenon of Rastafari have globalized Jamaica in unprecedented ways.
The 1979 Sandinista revolution that toppled one of history's most long lived and brutal dictatorships launched Nicaragua into international attention. Over two decades later, after the U.S.-backed Contra counter-revolutionary war, the Sandinistas are back in power.  Since the politically tumultuous 1970s and 1980s, life has not been easy in Nicaragua.
19th century explorer, Antonio Raimondi, once referred to Peru as a “beggar sitting on a bench of gold.” Indeed, Peru’s riches include more than just gold. The richness and diversity of the Amazon rainforest, the fabulous cuisine and textiles of Cuzco, and the wonder and magnificence of Machu Picchu are only some examples of the culture, beauty, history, and nature that make up Peru.
When most Americans hear of human rights abuses, they likely think of atrocities in some far off corner of the globe. And when Americans consider the idea of democracy, it's probably accurate to say that they think of our government as a model to be emulated.
Something unprecedented is happening in Venezuela. Since the election of Hugo Chavez in 1999 Venezuela has embarked on a profound and controversial project of reinventing society from within, changing a political and economic system that benefits the few and powerful to one that gives ordinary Venezuelans a seat at the table.