After democratically-elected Jacobo Arbenz was overthrown in a military coup sponsored by the United States of America, Guatemala suffered over 30 years of civil war that lead to an estimated 200,000 civilian deaths. By 1954, Guatemala's was already the second successful regime-change lead by the CIA, instigated by the threat of expropriation of land by local government. A U.S. backed militia that was considered the most sophisticated and well-trained force in the region, was able to subsequently keep Guatemala's military dictatorship in power. Finally, due to UN interaction, a peace accord was signed in 1996 and Guatemala has benefited from democratic elections including her most recent in 2003.
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